Reading: Deliberate self-harm in adolescents in Southern Sri Lanka; a hospital based Study

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Research Papers

Deliberate self-harm in adolescents in Southern Sri Lanka; a hospital based Study

Authors:

C. Senadheera ,

University of Ruhuna, LK
About C.
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine
X close

J. Marecek

Swarthmore College, US
About J.
Department of Psychology
X close

Abstract

Introduction: Little is known about adolescents who engage in deliberate self-harm (DSH). Therefore, using data from medical and police records of the Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, we examined patterns of DSH among young people.

 

Methods: We examined records of episodes of DSH for 2001 and for the 5 year period from 2006 through 2010. Data on 1720 individuals between 10 and 18 years old were gathered.

 

Results: There was a striking increase from 2001 to 2010 in admissions of young people with DSH. In 2001, there were 137 cases; in 2010, the number had nearly tripled (N=391). Case fatality rates were low; in 2001, it was 8%; in 2010, it was 0.25%. Comparing 2001 to 2010, cases involving poisons decreased from 58% to 46%; cases involving medicinal overdoses increased from 41% to 54%. Adolescents rarely used other methods. In 2001 and in each year from 2006 to 2010, adolescents aged 15-18 years accounted for at least 85% of the sample, and there were three times more girls than boys.

 

Conclusion: Decreases in suicides have been substantial; nonetheless, rates of non-fatal DSH have climbed. We call for research on antecedents and correlates of DSH in groups at high risk, such as older adolescent girls.
How to Cite: Senadheera, C. and Marecek, J., 2018. Deliberate self-harm in adolescents in Southern Sri Lanka; a hospital based Study. Galle Medical Journal, 23(2), pp.9–14. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/gmj.v23i2.7976
Published on 31 Dec 2018.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)

    comments powered by Disqus